How to generate opportunities for the long-term unemployed?

The crisis has brought a very large diversity of people and groups into long-term unemployment. There is extensive evidence on its far-reaching negative consequences it causes: from losses of income in the short-run, to lesser opportunities to access a decent job and a decent wage; to worsen mental and physical health and higher mortality rates. Further, parental long term unemployment it also hampers children educational progress and lowers their future earnings.

For the purpose of focusing on some specific groups that are particularly affected in the five participating cities of the Accellerating Change for Social Inclusion project, the search for proven innovations has been centred around three specific groups: older people out for a job for more than 12 months, people with disabilities, refugees and migrants. This does not undermine the ability of some innovations to tackle the challenge for different groups.

An employment integration programme through vocational training courses on restoration of historical monuments. Participants develop skills related to heritage professions and are accompanied to solve other potential hindrances to employment.
France
A personalised, diagnostically superior, low-cost breast examination method that provides an entirely new professional path for blind and visually impaired women, leveraging their ultra-sensitive touch.
Germany
A programme for creating employment cooperatives owned by people with difficulties to access meaningful employment. It builds a network of for-profit, social community-based enterprises with a strong focus on sustainability.
United States
A programme that combines theatre training and other techniques to develop psycho-emotional and vocational skills, helping unemployed people improve their self-esteem, replace passivity with proactivity and gain employment.
Germany
An entrepreneurship programme targeting primarily women and youth in rural areas. Activities are tailored to the local needs and aimed at fostering job market insertion and rural development.
Lebanon
A non-profit business transfer marketplace for SMEs that connects enterprises in the process of closing down with prospective buyers. By offering matchmaking and supporting negotiation, it acts as an instrument to give long life to viable businesses.
Spain
An intensive training in programming aimed primarily at unemployed people and underrepresented profiles in the digital sector (women, refugees, seniors). Its educational approach helps participants develop long-term professional and social skills.
France
A holistic peer-to-peer mentoring programme run by ex-offenders that helps former prisoners reintegrate back into society and prevents young people from getting involved in crime.
United Kingdom
A social enterprise that provides training and employment to people with autism or Asperger syndrome for their ability to effectively perform repetitive tasks that require a lot of concentration.
Denmark
A social enterprise that generates employment opportunities in sustainable catering, tourism and hospitality activities and the creation of environmentally friendly buildings, mainly for social housing.
France
An organisation that engages people in their 50s, 60s and 70s in new careers that provide continued income whilst helping to address some of society’s biggest challenges.
United States
The School for Women’s Empowerment is a vocational training school that helps female victims of gender-based violence get back to work. While providing courses in products and sales, it helps participants build self-estem and social empowerment.
Spain
A consultancy service to people over 50 who are interested in setting up their own business. Online services are directed both at the pre-start-up phase and at the early implementation phase of the company.
Germany
A peer-to-peer support system of heterogeneous teams of unemployed people who, working through commitment and solidarity, reinforce skills, generate collective knowledge, become visible and collaborate in order to obtain employment.
Spain
A programme that recruits, trains and supports intercultural mediators to teach migrant communities how the health system works and educate them in specific health issues in which they are at higher risk, healthy lifestyles, therapies and prevention.
Germany

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